Which of the following is a critical step in the workflow process BEFORE sterilisation?
Which one of the following scenarios will NOT trigger product recall of the sterile product from CSSD?
When assembling instruments in an instrument tray, you should
A sterilisation cycle with a load of medical device packed in non-woven wraps is aborted. You should then
What one of the followings shows non-conformity of sterile storage environment?
When using the ultrasonic washer, which of the following is not true?
Which of the following packaging materials are suitable for low temperature plasma sterilisation?
Which one of the following actions will be the cause for non-sterility of a sterile product?
When lifting heavy box from a lower surface, what is right?
Which is a true statement?
Which of the following bacteria form spores?
When cleaning fine or micro instruments, which one of the following is the recommended washing method?
Wicking materials are used to
Surfactants are used in detergents to
During steam sterilisation (132°C, 4 minutes) where the air mixture is 10% air in the steriliser, what would be the actual temperature be?
You are the staff assigned to decontamination area. You received a set of instruments that comprises complex and simple instruments with varying sizes. What is the correct step you should take prior to cleaning?
How would you run the qualification test after installing or relocating a dynamic air removal steam steriliser (above 60L)?
When arranging plastic-paper pouch in the sterilizer, the pouches should be arranged in the following sequence
Surface tension should be
Which of the following best describes the process 'Disinfection'?
Detergents remove primarily
What is the duration for retention for sterilisation records in the department?
Sterile instrument sets should not be stored in the following conditions
Biological indicators that indicate sterilisation process failures require recalls of all loads processed:
What is the reason for the clip on the container?
Which one of the following statement is FALSE?
Which one of the following factors does NOT affect the shelf life of a sterile product?
Methods of low temperature sterilisation include
When transporting the soiled item after patient care, you did not place the soiled instruments in the designated containers. Why is this a call for concern?
Packaging material containing what material cannot be used in hydrogen peroxide or ozone steriliser?
The best way to clean a suction tube lumen is to
When the procedure is completed, you were tasked to transport the used instruments. You diligently followed the guidelines for handling the instruments at the point of user departments. What are the reasons why it is important for the preparation process to begin at the user department?
Packaging material is classified by the US Food and Drug Administration as a ?
A recall order should
What kind of PPE should you wear when handling used sharps?
Care and handling of contaminated reusable surgical instruments starts
Where is the MOST appropriate location for placement of the biological indicator in the autoclave?
Which of the following wrapping techniques is considered as the MOST common?
When faced with an unfamiliar or new work situation, what is the first step to prepare yourself to work safely:
Sterility is event related. Which one of the following events poses a neglected risk affecting the sterility of a sterile item?
For sterilization, paper – plastic peel packages should be placed
Which of the following best describe the Sinner’s Circle and influence effective cleaning?
Mr Tan is our new Technician. I was assigned to show him the loading configuration for a Steam Sterilizer. Which of the following loading configuration is incorrect?
In the hierarchy of workplace safety and health risk control measures, the most effective is the one that is dependent on systems. That would be:
Name the chemical which is an active ingredient of the 'bleach', a household decontamination product used to kill bacteria, fungi, and viruses?
Care has to be taken in placement of surgical instruments in the instrument container or tray
How long does it take to kill a population of 1 million spores at 134°C in good conditions?
Sterilization factor 10⁻⁶ means:
What is the principle of handling used patient care items ?
The type of PPE required to protect splashes or aerosolisation during cleaning and decontamination of instruments are
Bone nibbler or Rongeur should be routinely inspected for sharpness by
In instrument manufacturing process during the grinding and milling phase, what activity took place?
I. Excess steel (flash) is removed.
II. Male and female halves are formed.
III. Serrations and ratchets are formed
IV. The selected metal is heated and formed
In a container, the filter (paper or non-woven)
Overcoming the barriers of effective communication include the following EXCEPT …..
Which one of the following sentences regarding handling of sterile product is NOT correct?
Which of the following is correct information Integrating indicators (Type 5 CI)
The use of enclosed puncture resistant container with lid
Please identify the potential risk(s) affecting the sterility of sterile product if dust cover is used on sterile items.
I was unloading a sterilized load, found the wrapper of one instrument set was wet. What shall I do?
The MOST effective way to break the chain of infection is by
What are the AAMI ST 79 recommendations for use of Chemical Indicators (CI)?
Which of the following is 1 of the 3 primary objectives for any sterilisation packaging system?
Regarding Bowie Dick Test, AAMI ST 79 recommend
Which is/are NOT key information of a reprocessed sterilized medical devices to be maintained for basic tracking?
Package condensation will occur when
Woven fabric material are generally made of how many ply of fabric fastened together as one wrap?
When regulating the gas flow for pneumatic instruments, the correct pressure should be set by the manufacturer.
Protective cap or aluminium sheet is used for protecting the sharp of surgical instrument. Which one of the following statement is INCORRECT?
Which of the following are true of Biological Indicators?
Which of the following statements about the use of mechanical washers is not true?
If you have 5 steam sterilisers and run the BI tests daily, how often should you run a BI positive control?
Which are tools are recommended for manual cleaning of surgical instruments?
When placing ring-handled instrument in an instrument tray, you should
Blood stain must be totally removed from the instrument so as to
During manually cleaning, it is recommended to wash items below the water to prevent
How is Intermittent Use Steam Sterilization (IUSS) used for sterilisation of implants?
The purpose of using a chemical integrator is to measure
You are assigned to buddy a new staff on the disinfection process. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
I. Thermal disinfection uses heat to kill all organisms except spores
II. Consist of solutions that inhibit the growth of bacteria, usually on animate objects
III. The destruction of nearly all pathogenic micro- organism on an inanimate object
IV. A process by which all forms of microbial life including bacteria, viruses, spores and fungi are killed
After a steam sterilisation cycle, a pack is completely wet. You would then proceed to
At time of preparation for a surgery, the scrub nurse noticed that the tip of the chisel is chipped and the Mayo straight scissors is not sharp. What should have been done during the assembly of instrument sets in CSSD to prevent inconveniences during surgery?
I. The Mayo scissors must be tested for sharpness during assembly
II. The cutting edge of the chisel must be check for any dents and chip
III. Advise the OT nurse to replace the instrument set with another sterile set
IV. Both instruments should be removed and replaced during assembly by CSSD staff who was packing the set
The goal of a stock arrangement system is to provide:
Do not double pouch package contents (i.e. placing one peel pouch inside another) unless the
Sterilisation is a process in which
Before touching or handling clean supplies, you should first
Which of the following is NOT an acceptable storage condition?
Which of the following CI types must react to all the critical variables of sterilisation process and correlate to the performance of BI?
The CSSD technician was assembling the instruments which all been cleaned in the washer disinfector and dried. He noticed that there were some dark marks which look like stains on the scissors. What would you recommend him to do, after he re-washed and noted that the stains remained on the scissors?
The type of blood tests needed after a sharp injury from a contaminated sharp are
When decontaminating and cleaning a pneumatically powered surgical instrument,
Which of the following is used as a biological indicator in steam sterilisation?
A hole is observed on the external wrap of a pack in the storage area. You should
Which of the following is the hardest to kill?
Disease transmission requires
Upon completing the cleaning of the instrument set, you performed the quality assurance test to ensure the cleanliness of the set and cleaning equipment. What is/are the assurance method(s) you should carry out and what are their purposes?
The humidity levels in the sterile storage area should NOT exceed
What is the most important vaccination program the staff needs to consider when working in healthcare?
What is the first thing you would do when you sustained a sharps injury?
If the reason for a process failure is not immediately known
Biocompatibility of a packaging material should be evaluated